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HMAS Melbourn
Majestic class light aircraft carrier of the Royal Australian Navy

History and current status
b
HMAS Melbourn
 
b Australian Aircraft Carrier
Name: HMAS Melbourn
Class: Majestic class light aircraft carrier
Ordered: 1943
Builder: Vickers-Armstrongs
Laid down: 15 April 1943
Launched: 28 February 1945 as
HMS Majestic
Commissioned: 28 October 1955 as HMAS Melbourne
Decommissioned: 30 May 1982
Complement: 1,350, including 350
Air Group personnel
Homeport:
Displacement: Standard: 15,740 long tons (17,630 short tons)
Full load: 20,000 long tons (22,000 short tons)
Length: 213.97 metres (702 ft) overall
Increased by 2.43 metres (8 ft) in 1969
Beam: 24.38 metres (80 ft)
Draft: 7.62 metres (25 ft)
Propulsion Two Parsons single-reduction geared turbine sets; four Admiralty 3-drum type boilers; two screws; 40,000 shp
Speed: 24 knots (28 mph; 44 km/h)
Range: 12,000 nautical miles (14,000 mi; 22,000 km) at 14 knots (16 mph; 26 km/h)
6,200 nautical miles (7,100 mi; 11,500 km) at 23 knots (26 mph; 43 km/h)
Camouflage:
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Fate: Sold to China for scrap in 1985. Studied as part of a PLAN project to develop an aircraft carrier.
Sources for this site:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_carrier
http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/
Navy site:
www.navy.gov.au/HMAS_Melbourne_(II)
Home site:
 
Web site's with more information:
www.navy.gov.au/HMAS_Melbourne_(II)
http://wapedia.mobi/en/HMAS_Melbourne_(R21)
b
HMAS Melbourn
Photo from: http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/R21%20Killer.
The ship was laid down for the Royal Navy as the lead ship of the Majestic class in April 1943, and was launched as HMS Majestic (R77) in February 1945.
At the end of World War II, work on the ship was suspended until she was purchased by the RAN in 1947. At the time of purchase, it was decided to incorporate new aircraft carrier technologies into the design, making Melbourne the third ship to be constructed with an angled flight deck. Delays in construction and integrating the enhancements meant that the carrier was not commissioned until 1955.

HMAS Melbourne never fired a shot in anger during her career, having only peripheral, non-combat roles in the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation and the Vietnam War. However, she was involved in two major collisions with allied vessels.

On the evening of 10 February 1964,HMAS Melbourne collided with and sank HMAS Voyager when the Daring class destroyer altered course across her bow. Eighty-two of Voyager’s crew were killed, and two Royal Commissions were held to investigate the incident. The second collision occurred in the early morning of 3 June 1969, when HMAS Melbourne collided with and sank the Allen M. Sumner class destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in similar circumstances. Seventy-four United States Navy (USN) personnel died, and a joint USN–RAN Board of Inquiry was held.

HMAS Melbourne was paid off from RAN service in 1982.
A proposal to convert her for use as a floating casino failed, and a 1984 sale was cancelled, before she was sold in 1985 and towed to China for scrapping.
The scrapping was delayed, so Melbourne could be studied by the
People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) as part of a secret project to develop a Chinese aircraft carrier, and used to train PLAN aviators in carrier flight operations.

Sources:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Melbourne_(R21)

More detail information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Melbourne_(R21)
HMAS Melbourne, 1943 to 1968

http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/R21%20History.htm
HMAS Melbourne, 1969 to 1982
http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/R21%20History2.htm
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Aircraft carried
Three Fleet Air Arm squadrons
Up to 27 aircraft and helicopters

De Havilland Sea Venom All Weather Fighter Aircraft
McDonald Douglas Skyhawk A4G Aircraft
Photo's from: http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/
More detail information about the air crafts:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Melbourne_(R21)
http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/R21%20Aircraft.htm
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Sensors and processing systems Armament

Radar:
1955–1968:
3 × Type 277Q height-finding set
1 × Type 293Q surface search set
1 × Type 978 navigational set

1969–1982:
1 × Type 293Q surface search set
1 × Type 978 navigational set
1 × LW-02 air search set
1 × SPN-35 landing aid radar

1955–1959:
25 × 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns (6 twin mountings, 13 single mountings)
1959–1968:
21 × Bofors (6 twin, 9 single)
1969–1980:
12 × Bofors (4 twin, 4 single)
1980–1982:
4 × Bofors (4 single)

In the original configuration Melbourne had a long range Type 293Q radar atop the mast, with a Type 975 navigation radar beneath it and two Type 277 radars,
one on the GDP and the other on the aft light deck.
In 1963 Melbourne was fitted with a new radar, the Dutch designed LW02 which was placed atop the mast.
The 293 was repositioned down the mast as was the 975. The two 277s were kept.

The LW02 was a heavy aerial being first fitted to the Navies new Type 12 frigates Yarra and Parramatta.
When these ships were alongside and the radar on standby, the rotating aerial was so heavy as to cause a slight though noticeable ship roll.

When Melbourne entered dockyard hands in January 1968 her mast was removed for substantial rebuilding & modification.

After half life conversion the mast carried the 293 and the 975 plus several electronic warfare domes, the LW02 was moved to the GDP and the fwd 277 moved to the top of the compass platform.
The aft 277 was dispensed with being replaced by an American designed modern height seeking approach radar (SPN-35) which is shown unprotected to begin with on the aft light deck.

Text from http://users.qld.chariot.net.au/~dialabull/R21%20Modifications.htm

More detail information about the air crafts:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Melbourne_(R21)

 
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